245 years from Great Republic

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on whatsapp
WhatsApp
Share on email
Email

245 years since the foundation of the United States of America,  4 July 1776 – 4 July 2021

 

The emergence of the United States of America was marked by a set of historical and cultural factors. The foundation of a country is mainly triggered by the desire of a group of people to become independent and to decide their own destiny.

The first traces of civilization in the Americas date back to two millennia before the Great Geographical Discoveries. After repeated voyages initiated by the Vikings and ended with the legendary voyage of Christopher Columbus and other great navigators, the great European powers wanted to dominate the new territories.

British rule in North America began in the 16th century, so British civilization and culture prevailed over native cultures and civilizations. People who came to the New World came called to freedom and the desire to control their own fate.

From the Lost Colony – Roanoke, to the Mayflower vessel and the Tea Party was a predictable historical step. People wanted to establish a New World based on values ​​and norms different from the old continent’s ones.

Based on a strong Enlightenment heritage but also on the influence of great British philosophers (John Locke especially), the new elite of Anglo-Saxon culture, the American elite, laid the foundations of a modern and democratic state. A state proclaimed independent on July 4, 1776, and which gained its independence after hard struggles and sacrifices.

The work of asserting the sovereignty of the new state was agreed in the drafting of the American Constitution, the most democratic constitution in history. A constitution consisting of seven articles and twenty-seven amendments stating that human rights and freedoms are sovereign and immutable.

According to us, the US history can be divided into three great periods. The first period is the one which lasted from the Declaration of Independence until the end of the American Civil War, 1776-1865. The second period is the one between the end of the American Civil War and the end of the Second World War, 1865 -1945. The third period can be set after the end of the Second World War, from 1945 until the present day.

The first period was marked by significant turmoil and violent internal confrontations. A period in which the American state went through several wars, the Independence war (1775-1783), the American-English one (1812-1815), the American-Mexican one (1846-1848), and the American Civil War (1861-1865). The intensity of the clashes was defining for the American state’s desire to endure on the stage of history.

The second period is that of power restoration and strengthening. In the aftermath of the Civil War, the United States remained a union to focus on economic development, quick industrialization, cultural diversity, and active diplomacy. During the same period, the 1898 American-Spanish war endorsed the new international status of the United States on the international stage.

The third period, lasting from the end of World War II until now, can be called the superpower period. After the Allied victory, the United States helped Europe recover through the Marshall Plan, laid the economic and financial foundations of the world we currently live in, while the American culture shaped the whole world. After the implosion of the communist bloc, the United States remained the only worldwide superpower. 245 years after the country’s founding, the United States still remains the most powerful state in the world in economic, financial, military, diplomatic, and cultural terms.

What precisely has shaped American history? Why has a newly established state gained such power and influence globally? The answer we are trying to provide here is based on the three pillars of American history. In addition to these, we must also emphasize the geographical position of the US.

In our opinion, the three fundamental pillars were the manifest destiny, the American spirit, and the American exceptionalism. All these pillars, based on a strong foundation – the geographical location, can explain the current position of the United States of America.

The United States has proven that it can keep up with history and that the American people can face life. The US history was born with a legend and ended in immutable truth. The greatest power known in the world history has fulfilled a well-established path with clear rules. The manifest destiny was the creed of the American people, complemented by historical truth and by geostrategic reality. The Founding Fathers felt the potential of the area between the two oceans and thus they became the greatest power within 150 years’ time. It obviously had competitors and powers around it that wanted to stop its glorious evolution.

What is the spirit of a nation? It is the aggregate factors and ideas that help shape a mentality, a state of mind, a national will. The American spirit must find its sources in the gigantic New York, in the America of cities forgotten and hidden under hills, in the America of harbors, in the America of culture (in Boston and Philadelphia) or in the America of innovation (Los Angeles).

The American people, a unique melting pot at the end of the Enlightenment and the beginning of the modern era, has built a future by referring to a deification of the historical act. Everything that was done was related to God and to His will. The very motto In God we Trust is the affirmation of fervent religiousness and the faith of a unique destiny, perhaps unrepeatable in history. So what is American exceptionalism? It is the expression of a people’s will to build its own path while relying of the tools and resources available, but also to continue on the same path with the resources it had at that point in time. It is the pure expression of the becoming of a people in itself.

245 years after its founding, the United States of America remains a symbol for becoming a people in itself and for the birth and development of a country.

We will end with President George’s famous wish and prophecy.

I hope, some day or another, we shall become a storehouse and granary for the world.  – George Washington

Happy Independence Day!

The lost colony in Roanoke. The word Croatan marked on the tree bark means the name of an island in southern Roanoke. The colony dated back in August 1587
The lost colony in Roanoke. The word Croatan marked on the tree bark means the name of an island in southern Roanoke. The colony dated back in August 1587
The Mayflower vessel (1620) meant the journey towards religious freedom – the first pilgrims in the New World.
The Mayflower vessel (1620) meant the journey towards religious freedom – the first pilgrims in the New World.
The pilgrims on the Mayflower ship reaching the soil in the New World.
The pilgrims on the Mayflower ship reaching the soil in the New World.
Tea parties in Boston (16 December 1773), the time when the American colonies cast out from Great Britain. A moment at the beginning of the fight for independence
Tea parties in Boston (16 December 1773), the time when the American colonies cast out from Great Britain. A moment at the beginning of the fight for independence
The Lexington and Concord battle – the first clash between Americans and British subjects during the Independence War, 19 April 1775. The Independence War was fought from 19 April 1775 until 3 September 1783.
The Lexington and Concord battle – the first clash between Americans and British subjects during the Independence War, 19 April 1775. The Independence War was fought from 19 April 1775 until 3 September 1783.
General George Washington crossing the Delaware river, a crossing preceding the Trenton, New Jersey attack on Christmas Day, in 1776. 1851 painting by Emanel Gottlieb Leutze
General George Washington crossing the Delaware river, a crossing preceding the Trenton, New Jersey attack on Christmas Day, in 1776. 1851 painting by Emanel Gottlieb Leutze
General George Washington’s flag during the War of Independence (19 April 1775-3 September 1783).
General George Washington’s flag during the War of Independence (19 April 1775-3 September 1783).
The American flag sewn by Betsy Ross has been known throughout history as the very first flag of the United States of America. The flag was presented to General George Washington.
The American flag sewn by Betsy Ross has been known throughout history as the very first flag of the United States of America. The flag was presented to General George Washington.
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, the place where the Unite States independence was proclaimed on 4 July 1776. Painting by John Trumbull
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, the place where the Unite States independence was proclaimed on 4 July 1776. Painting by John Trumbull
The Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, 4 July 1776.
The Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, 4 July 1776.
George Washington – the first US president (1789-1797).
George Washington – the first US president (1789-1797).
Mount Vernon - the residence of the first US president, George Washington.
Mount Vernon – the residence of the first US president, George Washington.
Delegates signing the Constitution of the United States, the first democratic constitution in the world history, in the Independence Hall, Philadelphia. The Constitutional Convention took place between 25 May and 17 September 1787.
Delegates signing the Constitution of the United States, the first democratic constitution in the world history, in the Independence Hall, Philadelphia. The Constitutional Convention took place between 25 May and 17 September 1787.
The Constitution of the United States, which starts with the famous words We the People.
The Constitution of the United States, which starts with the famous words We the People.
Thomas Jefferson, US president from 1801 until 1809. The main author of the Declaration of Independence, and mentor of James Madison’s, the one who had the largest impact on the drafting of the US Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson, US president from 1801 until 1809. The main author of the Declaration of Independence, and mentor of James Madison’s, the one who had the largest impact on the drafting of the US Constitution.
James Madison, president of the United States from 1809 until 1817. He is considered the Father of the American Constitution due to his paramount role in the drafting of this fundamental deed for the US history.
James Madison, president of the United States from 1809 until 1817. He is considered the Father of the American Constitution due to his paramount role in the drafting of this fundamental deed for the US history.
The oldest score of the anthem of the United States of America. A hymn based on John Stafford Smith’s music (1773). The lyrics of the anthem were written by the poet Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814. The anthem was adopted on March 3, 1931. Inspired by the triumphant 15-star flag hoisted on McHenry Fort, Baltimore, in 1814.
The oldest score of the anthem of the United States of America. A hymn based on John Stafford Smith’s music (1773). The lyrics of the anthem were written by the poet Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814. The anthem was adopted on March 3, 1931. Inspired by the triumphant 15-star flag hoisted on McHenry Fort, Baltimore, in 1814.
Star Spangled Banner - Fort McHenry Baltimore, Americans’ victory against the British fleet on 12-15 September 1814 was a glorious moment during the American-British war (18 September 1812-17 February 1815). This victory helped strengthen the independence of the recently established state.
Star Spangled Banner – Fort McHenry Baltimore, Americans’ victory against the British fleet on 12-15 September 1814 was a glorious moment during the American-British war (18 September 1812-17 February 1815). This victory helped strengthen the independence of the recently established state.
The flag of the United States from 1776 until 1861.
The flag of the United States from 1776 until 1861.
Manifest Destiny was the creed of the American people complemented by historical truth and geostrategic reality. The Founding Fathers felt the potential of the space between the oceans by imprinting a political philosophy that managed to transform a new state into the world’s greatest power in two hundred years’ time.
Manifest Destiny was the creed of the American people complemented by historical truth and geostrategic reality. The Founding Fathers felt the potential of the space between the oceans by imprinting a political philosophy that managed to transform a new state into the world’s greatest power in two hundred years’ time.
James Monroe, president of the United States (1817-1825). The author of the Monroe Doctrine, the early stage of the will to pursue the geopolitical faith of the US.
James Monroe, president of the United States (1817-1825). The author of the Monroe Doctrine, the early stage of the will to pursue the geopolitical faith of the US.
The war between the United States and Mexico, April 25, 1846-February 2, 1848. The United States victory led to the enlargement of the United States by the Mexicans ceding the current-day territories of California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah, the Western part of present-day Colorado, the Western part of present-day state of New Mexico.
The war between the United States and Mexico, April 25, 1846-February 2, 1848. The United States victory led to the enlargement of the United States by the Mexicans ceding the current-day territories of California, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah, the Western part of present-day Colorado, the Western part of present-day state of New Mexico.
The United States-Mexican War, 25 April 1846-2 February 1848.
The United States-Mexican War, 25 April 1846-2 February 1848.
The American Civil War (12 April 1861 – 9 April 1865), also known as the North and South War, caused the largest number of casualties in the history of the United States, around 800,000 people. It is considered by many historians as the first total war in history. After this war, the United States got stronger as a united federal state that started to develop.
The American Civil War (12 April 1861 – 9 April 1865), also known as the North and South War, caused the largest number of casualties in the history of the United States, around 800,000 people. It is considered by many historians as the first total war in history. After this war, the United States got stronger as a united federal state that started to develop.
President Abraham Lincoln reading the Emancipation Proclamation, which came into force on 1 January 1863, an important document for abolishing slavery.
President Abraham Lincoln reading the Emancipation Proclamation, which came into force on 1 January 1863, an important document for abolishing slavery.
The Gettysburg battle, 1-3 July 1863, the greatest battle in the American Civil War. It meant a turning point which led to the Union’s Army’s ultimate victory.
The Gettysburg battle, 1-3 July 1863, the greatest battle in the American Civil War. It meant a turning point which led to the Union’s Army’s ultimate victory.
The Five Forks battle, also known as the Waterloo battle of the Confederation, 1 April 1865.
The Five Forks battle, also known as the Waterloo battle of the Confederation, 1 April 1865.
The Palmito Ranch battle, considered the last battle of the American Civil War, 12-13 May 1865.
The Palmito Ranch battle, considered the last battle of the American Civil War, 12-13 May 1865.
Abraham Lincoln president of the United States (4 March 1861-15 April 1865). According to most historians, he was considered the best president in the history of the Unite States.
Abraham Lincoln president of the United States (4 March 1861-15 April 1865). According to most historians, he was considered the best president in the history of the Unite States.
California Gold Rush or the urge to the nation’s development. California Gold Rush was an engine the American people’s development and evolution. Such gold mining explorations took place between 1848 and 1884. The California Gold Rush peaked around 1850.
California Gold Rush or the urge to the nation’s development. California Gold Rush was an engine the American people’s development and evolution. Such gold mining explorations took place between 1848 and 1884. The California Gold Rush peaked around 1850.
Image of the California Gold Rush – a gold exploitation.
Image of the California Gold Rush – a gold exploitation.
  The legendary Wild West or the search for new lands to develop the American nation. The Wild West period emerged between the American Civil War and 1895. Wild West became the most immortalized moment in film books and documentaries in the entire history of the United States.
The legendary Wild West or the search for new lands to develop the American nation. The Wild West period emerged between the American Civil War and 1895. Wild West became the most immortalized moment in film books and documentaries in the entire history of the United States.
Assault on the USS Maine ship anchored in the Havana Harbor on 15 February 1898. That was the outbreak of war between the United States and the Kingdom of Spain.
Assault on the USS Maine ship anchored in the Havana Harbor on 15 February 1898. That was the outbreak of war between the United States and the Kingdom of Spain.

The war between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain took place between 21 April 1898 and 10 December 1898. The absolute victory of the United States led to the rise of American power and the predominance of its influence in the Caribbean Sea. The Paris Treaty caused Cuba to get independent, and the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to join the United States.
The war between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain took place between 21 April 1898 and 10 December 1898. The absolute victory of the United States led to the rise of American power and the predominance of its influence in the Caribbean Sea. The Paris Treaty caused Cuba to get independent, and the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to join the United States.
William McKinley President of the United States of America between 1897 and 1901. During his presidency, the US began its geopolitical predominance in the Caribbean Sea and to expand its maritime power.
William McKinley President of the United States of America between 1897 and 1901. During his presidency, the US began its geopolitical predominance in the Caribbean Sea and to expand its maritime power.
Image from the building of the famous Brooklyn Bridge, a symbol of economic and industrial development of the United States. The bridge was built between 1869 and 1883.
Image from the building of the famous Brooklyn Bridge, a symbol of economic and industrial development of the United States. The bridge was built between 1869 and 1883.
New York City around the year 1880.
New York City around the year 1880.
Thomas Alva Edison and his historical invention, the light bulb, in January 1879. An invention which changed the world and the course of history forever.
Thomas Alva Edison and his historical invention, the light bulb, in January 1879. An invention which changed the world and the course of history forever.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson - President of the United States between 1913 and 1921. During his term in office, the United States fought in the First World War, but also helped draft the requirements for concluding the armistice, as well as the Treaty of Versailles. President Wilson is known for his statement of principles for peace or the Fourteen Points, but also for recognizing the self-determination of peoples.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson – President of the United States between 1913 and 1921. During his term in office, the United States fought in the First World War, but also helped draft the requirements for concluding the armistice, as well as the Treaty of Versailles. President Wilson is known for his statement of principles for peace or the Fourteen Points, but also for recognizing the self-determination of peoples.
The Great Crash of October 24 and 29, 1929, followed by the Great Depression of August 1929-March 1933. The United States will recover from a very well-developed New Deal economic plan.
The Great Crash of October 24 and 29, 1929, followed by the Great Depression of August 1929-March 1933. The United States will recover from a very well-developed New Deal economic plan.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States between 1933 and 1945, signing the New Deal program to restore the American economy after the Great Depression. The United States has become heavily involved.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States between 1933 and 1945, signing the New Deal program to restore the American economy after the Great Depression. The United States has become heavily involved.
The New Deal Program was a series of economic reforms to help the American economy recover, from 1933 until 1939.
The New Deal Program was a series of economic reforms to help the American economy recover, from 1933 until 1939.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States of America from 1933 until 1945, served in office during the largest conflagration in history, World War II. Initially neutral, the United States became involved in the war after the attack on the Pearl Harbor at 07.55 in the morning of December 7, 1941, Hawaii time zone.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States of America from 1933 until 1945, served in office during the largest conflagration in history, World War II. Initially neutral, the United States became involved in the war after the attack on the Pearl Harbor at 07.55 in the morning of December 7, 1941, Hawaii time zone.
After the Second World War, the Cold War broke out (1946-1989). The Charlie Check Point in Berlin is legendary for the Iron Curtain between the United States and the Soviet Union. Charlie Check Point is located on Friedrichstraße; this crossing point was built after the construction of the Berlin Wall.
After the Second World War, the Cold War broke out (1946-1989). The Charlie Check Point in Berlin is legendary for the Iron Curtain between the United States and the Soviet Union. Charlie Check Point is located on Friedrichstraße; this crossing point was built after the construction of the Berlin Wall.
Charlie Check Point at the present.
Charlie Check Point at the present.
Cuban Missile Crisis, October 16-October 28, 1962, the moment of maximum tension between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Soviet nuclear missiles deployed in San Cristóbal, Pinar del Rio Province, in Western Cuba.
Cuban Missile Crisis, October 16-October 28, 1962, the moment of maximum tension between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Soviet nuclear missiles deployed in San Cristóbal, Pinar del Rio Province, in Western Cuba.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, President of the United States of America from 1960 until 1963. During his term in office, the worst crisis in Cold War history was defused. Back in those days, the world was close to a global nuclear war.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, President of the United States of America from 1960 until 1963. During his term in office, the worst crisis in Cold War history was defused. Back in those days, the world was close to a global nuclear war.
The first humans stepped on the moon on 20 July 1969. American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin stuck the flag of the United States on the moon surface. It’s a small step for man, a huge leap for humanity, said astronaut Neil Armstrong. The first step on the surface of the Moon was at 02.56.
The first humans stepped on the moon on 20 July 1969. American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin stuck the flag of the United States on the moon surface. It’s a small step for man, a huge leap for humanity, said astronaut Neil Armstrong. The first step on the surface of the Moon was at 02.56.
The fall of the Berlin Wall, caused by the struggle and victory of the United States against the Soviet Union. A victory that led to the liberation of European countries from communism.
The fall of the Berlin Wall, caused by the struggle and victory of the United States against the Soviet Union. A victory that led to the liberation of European countries from communism.
Ronald Reagan, President of the United States between 1981 and 1989. In this picture he is depicted while delivering his famous speech about the demolition of the Berlin Wall on 12 June 12 1987. His policy and enforcement of the Reagan Doctrine led to the victory of the United States in the Cold War. After 1991, the United States remained the only worldwide superpower.
Ronald Reagan, President of the United States between 1981 and 1989. In this picture he is depicted while delivering his famous speech about the demolition of the Berlin Wall on 12 June 12 1987. His policy and enforcement of the Reagan Doctrine led to the victory of the United States in the Cold War. After 1991, the United States remained the only worldwide superpower.
George Herbert Bush, President of the United States of America from 1989 until 1993. During his presidency, the Cold War ended with the absolute victory of the United States. The end of the war marked the domination of the United States of America worldwide from a political, economic, diplomatic, military and cultural point of view.
George Herbert Bush, President of the United States of America from 1989 until 1993. During his presidency, the Cold War ended with the absolute victory of the United States. The end of the war marked the domination of the United States of America worldwide from a political, economic, diplomatic, military and cultural point of view.
The September 11, 2001 attack is the first and only attack perpetrated on the territory of the United States. A moment of swing in the balance and transformation for the United States of America. Following this attack, the United States began a war on global terrorism aiming to create a freer and safer world on the entire planet.
The September 11, 2001 attack is the first and only attack perpetrated on the territory of the United States. A moment of swing in the balance and transformation for the United States of America. Following this attack, the United States began a war on global terrorism aiming to create a freer and safer world on the entire planet.
Ground Zero, the monument built to honor the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks, resulting in 3000 victims. Let’s never forget!
Ground Zero, the monument built to honor the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks, resulting in 3000 victims. Let’s never forget!
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., the President-in-Office of the United States of America. During his term, 245 years have passed since the founding of the United States: July 4, 1776 - July 4, 2021.
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., the President-in-Office of the United States of America. During his term, 245 years have passed since the founding of the United States: July 4, 1776 – July 4, 2021.
The Great Canyon
The Great Canyon
The Niagara Falls
The Niagara Falls
The Hollywood hill, headquarters of the American industry.
The Hollywood hill, headquarters of the American industry.
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
San Francisco
San Francisco
New York City
New York City
The Statue of Liberty on the Island of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty on the Island of Liberty
The shrine of democracy.  Mount Rushmore – the four stone-carved presidents of the United States. George Washington - President between 1789 and 1797, Thomas Jefferson - President between 1801 and 1809, Theodore Roosevelt - President between 1901 and 1909, and Abraham Lincoln - President between 1861 and 1865. The sculpture was done between 1927 and 1941.
The shrine of democracy. Mount Rushmore – the four stone-carved presidents of the United States. George Washington – President between 1789 and 1797, Thomas Jefferson – President between 1801 and 1809, Theodore Roosevelt – President between 1901 and 1909, and Abraham Lincoln – President between 1861 and 1865. The sculpture was done between 1927 and 1941.
The Capitol Hill of the United States of America
The Capitol Hill of the United States of America

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *